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Properties of isolated disk galaxies
We present a new sample of northern isolated galaxies, which are definedby the physical criterion that they were not affected by other galaxiesin their evolution during the last few Gyr. To find them we used thelogarithmic ratio, f, between inner and tidal forces acting upon thecandidate galaxy by a possible perturber. The analysis of thedistribution of the f-values for the galaxies in the Coma cluster leadus to adopt the criterion f ≤ -4.5 for isolated galaxies. Thecandidates were chosen from the CfA catalog of galaxies within thevolume defined by cz ≤5000 km s-1, galactic latitudehigher than 40o and declination ≥-2.5o. Theselection of the sample, based on redshift values (when available),magnitudes and sizes of the candidate galaxies and possible perturberspresent in the same field is discussed. The final list of selectedisolated galaxies includes 203 objects from the initial 1706. The listcontains only truly isolated galaxies in the sense defined, but it is byno means complete, since all the galaxies with possible companions underthe f-criterion but with unknown redshift were discarded. We alsoselected a sample of perturbed galaxies comprised of all the diskgalaxies from the initial list with companions (with known redshift)satisfying f ≥ -2 and \Delta(cz) ≤500 km s-1; a totalof 130 objects. The statistical comparison of both samples showssignificant differences in morphology, sizes, masses, luminosities andcolor indices. Confirming previous results, we found that late spiral,Sc-type galaxies are, in particular, more frequent among isolatedgalaxies, whereas Lenticular galaxies are more abundant among perturbedgalaxies. Isolated systems appear to be smaller, less luminous and bluerthan interacting objects. We also found that bars are twice as frequentamong perturbed galaxies compared to isolated galaxies, in particularfor early Spirals and Lenticulars. The perturbed galaxies have higherLFIR/LB and Mmol/LB ratios,but the atomic gas content is similar for the two samples. The analysisof the luminosity-size and mass-luminosity relations shows similartrends for both families, the main difference being the almost totalabsence of big, bright and massive galaxies among the family of isolatedsystems, together with the almost total absence of small, faint and lowmass galaxies among the perturbed systems. All these aspects indicatethat the evolution induced by interactions with neighbors would proceedfrom late, small, faint and low mass Spirals to earlier, bigger, moreluminous and more massive spiral and lenticular galaxies, producing atthe same time a larger fraction of barred galaxies but preserving thesame relations between global parameters. The properties we found forour sample of isolated galaxies appear similar to those of high redshiftgalaxies, suggesting that the present-day isolated galaxies could bequietly evolved, unused building blocks surviving in low densityenvironments.Tables \ref{t1} and \ref{t2} are only available in electronic form athttp://www.edpsciences.org

Stellar populations in local star-forming galaxies - II. Recent star formation properties and stellar masses
We present the integrated properties of the stellar populations in theUniversidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Survey galaxies. Applying thetechniques described in the first paper of this series, we derive ages,burst masses and metallicities of the newly formed stars in our samplegalaxies. The population of young stars is responsible for the Hαemission used to detect the objects in the UCM Survey. We also infertotal stellar masses and star formation rates in a consistent way takinginto account the evolutionary history of each galaxy. We find that anaverage UCM galaxy has a total stellar mass of ~1010Msolar, of which about 5 per cent was formed in aninstantaneous burst that occurred about 5 Myr ago, and subsolarmetallicity. Less than 10 per cent of the sample shows massivestarbursts involving more than half of the total mass of the galaxy.Several correlations are found among the derived properties. The burststrength is correlated with the extinction and with the integratedoptical colours for galaxies with low obscuration. The current starformation rate is correlated with the gas content. A stellarmass-metallicity relation is also found. Our analysis indicates that theUCM Survey galaxies span a broad range in properties between those ofgalaxies completely dominated by current/recent star formation and thoseof normal quiescent spirals. We also find evidence indicating that starformation in the local Universe is dominated by galaxies considerablyless massive than L*.

Stellar populations in local star-forming galaxies - I. Data and modelling procedure
We present an analysis of the integrated properties of the stellarpopulations in the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Survey ofHα-selected galaxies. In this paper, the first of a series, wedescribe in detail the techniques developed to model star-forminggalaxies using a mixture of stellar populations, and taking into accountthe observational uncertainties. We assume a recent burst of starformation superimposed on a more evolved population. The effects of thenebular continuum, line emission and dust attenuation are taken intoaccount. We also test different model assumptions, including the choiceof specific evolutionary synthesis model, initial mass function, starformation scenario and the treatment of dust extinction. Quantitativetests are applied to determine how well these models fit ourmultiwavelength observations for the UCM sample. Our observations spanthe optical and near-infrared, including both photometric andspectroscopic data. Our results indicate that extinction plays a keyrole in this kind of study, revealing that low- and high-obscuredobjects may require very different extinction laws and must be treateddifferently. We also demonstrate that the UCM Survey galaxies are bestdescribed by a short burst of star formation occurring within aquiescent galaxy, rather than by continuous star formation. A detaileddiscussion on the inferred parameters, such as the age, burst strength,metallicity, star formation rate, extinction and total stellar mass forindividual objects, is presented in Paper II of this series.

Optical photometry of the UCM lists I and II. II. B band surface photometry and morphological discussion
We present Johnson B surface photometry for the UCM Survey galaxies.One-dimensional bulge-disk decomposition is attempted, discussing onfitting functions and computational procedures. The results from thisdecomposition, jointly with concentration indices and an asymmetrycoefficient, are employed to study the morphological properties of thesegalaxies. We also compare our results with the previous morphologicalclassification established using Gunn r imaging data and with othersamples of galaxies. No major statistical differences in morphology arefound between red and blue data, although some characteristics such assize and luminosity concentration vary. We find a correlation betweenluminosity and size. Several parameters are used to segregate theobjects according to their morphological type. Tables 2 and 3 are alsoavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/365/370

Star formation properties of Universidad Complutense de Madrid survey galaxies
We present new near-infrared J and K imaging data for 67 galaxies fromthe Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) survey used in thedetermination of the SFR density of the local Universe by Gallego et al.This is a sample of local star-forming galaxies with redshift lower than0.045, and they constitute a representative subsample of the galaxies inthe complete UCM survey. From the new data, complemented with our ownGunn-r images and long-slit optical spectroscopy, we have measuredintegrated K-band luminosities, r-J and J-K colours, and Hαluminosities and equivalent widths. Using a maximum likelihood estimatorand a complete set of evolutionary synthesis models, these observationsallow us to estimate the strength of the current (or most recent) burstof star formation, its age, the star formation rate and the totalstellar mass of the galaxies. An average galaxy in the sample has astellar mass of 5×1010Msolar and isundergoing (or has recently completed) a burst of star formationinvolving about 2per cent of its total stellar mass. We identify twoseparate classes of star-forming galaxies in the UCM sample:low-luminosity, high-excitation galaxies (Hiilike) and relativelyluminous spiral galaxies (starburst disc-like). The former show higherspecific star formation rates (SFRs per unit mass) and burst strengths,and lower stellar masses than the latter. With regard to their specificstar formation rates, the UCM galaxies are intermediate objects betweennormal quiescent spirals and the most extreme Hii galaxies.

Optical photometry of the UCM Lists I and II I. The data
We present Johnson B CCD photometry for the whole sample of galaxies ofthe Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Survey Lists I and II. Theyconstitute a well-defined and complete sample of galaxies in the LocalUniverse with active star formation. The data refer to 191 S0 to Irrgalaxies at an averaged redshift of 0.027, and complement the alreadypublished Gunn r, J and K photometries. In this paper the observationaland reduction features are discussed in detail, and the new colourinformation is combined to search for clues on the properties of thegalaxies, mainly by comparing our sample with other surveys. Tables 1and 3 are also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftpto cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html}

Faint Emission Lines and Temperature Fluctuations in M8
We present echelle spectroscopy in the 3500-10300 Å range of theHourglass Nebula, which is embedded in the Galactic H II region M8. Thedata were obtained using the 2.1 m telescope at ObservatorioAstronómico Nacional in San Pedro Mártir, Baja California.We have measured the intensities of 274 emission lines, in particular 88permitted lines of C^+, N^0, N^+, O^0, O^+, Ne^0, S^0, S^+, Si^0, Si^+,and Si^++, some of them produced by recombination only and others mainlyby fluorescence. We have determined electron temperatures and densitiesusing different line intensity ratios. We derive the He^+, C^++, O^+,and O^++ ionic abundances as well as-for the first time in a nebularobject-the total O abundance from recombination lines; these nebularvalues are independent of the temperature structure of the nebula. Wehave also derived abundances from collisionally excited lines for alarge number of ions and elements; these abundances do depend on thetemperature structure. Accurate t^2 values have been derived bycomparing the C^++, O^+, and O^++ ionic abundances obtained making useof both collisionally excited lines and recombination lines. Acomparison of the solar, Orion Nebula, and M8 chemical abundances ismade.

Star formation history in a sample of starburst galaxies.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1996MNRAS.278..417A&db_key=AST

Survey for Emission-Line Galaxies: Universidad Complutense de Madrid List 2
A low-dispersion objective-prism survey for low-redshift emission-linegalaxies (ELGs) is being carried out by the Universidad Complutense deMadrid with the Schmidt telescope at the German-Spanish Observatory ofCalar Alto (Almeria, Spain). A 4^deg^ full-aperture prism, whichprovides a dispersion of 1950 A mm^-1^, and IIIa-F emulsion combinationhas been used to search for ELGs selected by the presence of Hαemission in their spectra. A compilation of descriptions and positions,along with finding charts, is presented for 103 emission-line objects.This is the second list, which contains objects located in a region ofthe sky covering 201.4 deg^2^ in seven fields near α = 15^h^ andδ = 25^deg^.

Observations of a complete sample of Hα emission-line galaxies. Long-slit spectroscopy of galaxies in UCM lists 1 and 2.
Spectroscopic observations for the full sample of Hα emission-linegalaxy candidates (ELGs) from the Universidad Complutense de Madridobjective-prism survey Lists 1 and 2 have been obtained in order toinvestigate fully the properties of the survey constituents as well asthe selection characteristics and completeness limits of the surveyitself. The spectroscopic data include redshifts, line fluxes,equivalent widths, emission-line ratios, optical reddening estimates andsynthesized color indexes. We find that 74% of the objects in thissample do exhibit emission lines. We compare our observational data withparameters given in the published survey lists in order to assess theusefulness of the latter. The different emission-line galaxies have beenclassified according to their spectra in several groups. Gray-scaleimages of the CCD spectra near the main emission lines, spatial profilesat the continuum and the line for [OIII] λ5007 and Hαlines, as well as plots of the coadded spectra of selected galaxies arepresented, and a number of peculiar objects are described.

Photometric and morphological analysis of UCM galaxies. I. Observations and reductions. Morphological classifications.
We present the results of Thuan & Gunn r CCD imaging observations ofthe Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) sample of emission-linegalaxies (ELGs), selected by the presence of Hα emission inlow-resolution objective prism spectra. In this work we characterizephotometrically and morphologically a total of 212 objects from the UCMsurvey. This Paper presents the observations and basic reductions, andlists a set of photometric parameters calculated for each UCM object. Inaddition, for the first time in a ELGs sample, we have determined themorphological classification of the objects using simultaneously fivedifferent criteria.

An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.

Galaxy structures in the Hercules region
216 redshifts have been obtained in a region of 981 sq deg south of theHercules supercluster. 172 of these redshifts are of galaxies withmpg less than or equal to 15.1, 110 of which had no previousvelocity measurement. 44 new redshifts are of galaxies fainter thanmpg = 15.1. With these new data we have been able to define asample in a vast region (approximately 1700 sq deg) around Herculeslimited to mpg less than or equal to 15.1 with a velocitycompleteness of 81.5%. 189 galaxies have been morphologically classifiedso that all galaxies in the sample with known velocity now also haveknown morphology. The magnitude limited sample, including 556 galaxies,is then used to identify and describe galaxy structures in the region.We find that the overdense volume is small, that its overall appearanceis that of a coral branch floating in a sea of nothing and that earlyand late type galaxies defined different structures.

IRAS observations of H-alpha selected emission-line galaxies
We present the results of IRAS observations of the UCM (UniversidadComplutense de Madrid) sample of emission-line galaxies, which have beenselected from wide-dispersion H-alpha objective-prism plates. These dataare intended to provide a convenient summary of the relevant FIRproperties of these galaxies. Color-color diagrams, as interpreted bytheoretical models, suggest that emission from UCM galaxies is mainlydue to dust heated directly by photons emitted in active star-formingregions. Statistical analysis of some samples, including the IRASminisurvey and blue-selected objective-prism samples, have beenperformed. Comparisons, based on FIR luminosity distributions, with theIRAS minisurvey make evident the lower metallicity of the CUM galaxieswhich cannot be considered as a parent population of IRAS-detectedgalaxies.

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