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The scaling relation of early-type galaxies in clusters. II. Spectroscopic data for galaxies in eight nearby clusters
Aims.We present low and intermediate resolution spectroscopic datacollected for 152 early type galaxies in 8 nearby clusters with z ≤0.10. Methods: .We use low resolution data to produce the redshiftand the K-correction for each galaxy, as well as to give their overallspectral energy distribution and some spectral indicators, including the4000 Å break, the Mg2 strength and the NaD equivalent width. Wehave also obtained higher resolution data for early type galaxies inthree of the clusters, to determine their central velocity dispersion. Results: .The effect of the resolution on the measured parametersis discussed. Conclusions: .A new accurate systemic redshift andvelocity dispersion is presented for four of the surveyed clusters, A98,A3125, A3330, and DC2103-39. We have found that the K-correction valuesfor E/S0 bright galaxies in the given nearby clusters are very similar.We also find that the distribution of the line indicators significantlydiffers from cluster to cluster.

A sample of X-ray emitting normal galaxies from the BMW-HRI Catalogue
We obtained a sample of 143 normal galaxies with X-ray luminosity in therange 1038{-}1043 erg s-1 from thecross-correlation of the ROSAT HRI Brera Multi-scale Wavelet (BMW-HRI)Catalogue with the Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic Database (LEDA). We findthat the average X-ray properties of this sample are in good agreementwith those of other samples of galaxies in the literature. We selected acomplete flux limited serendipitous sample of 32 galaxies from which wederived the log N-log S distribution of normal galaxies in the fluxrange 1.1{-} 110 × 10-14 erg cm-2s-1. The resulting distribution is consistent with theEuclidean -1.5 slope. Comparisons with other samples, such as theExtended Medium Sensitivity Survey, the ROSAT All Sky Survey, theXMM-Newton/2dF survey, and the Chandra Deep Field Survey indicate thatthe log N -log S distribution of normal galaxies is consistent with aEuclidean slope over a flux range of about 6 decades.

Radio-selected Galaxies in Very Rich Clusters at z <= 0.25. I. Multiwavelength Observations and Data Reduction Techniques
Radio observations were used to detect the ``active'' galaxy populationwithin rich clusters of galaxies in a nonbiased manner that is notplagued by dust extinction or the K-correction. We present wide-fieldradio, optical (imaging and spectroscopy), and ROSAT All-Sky Survey(RASS) X-ray data for a sample of 30 very rich Abell (R>=2) clusterswith z<=0.25. The VLA radio data samples the ultrafaint radio(L1.4>=2×1022 W Hz-1) galaxypopulation within these extremely rich clusters for galaxies withMR<=-21. This is the largest sample of low-luminosity 20cm radio galaxies within rich Abell clusters collected to date.The radio-selected galaxy sample represents the starburst (starformation rate >=5 Msolar yr-1) and activegalactic nuclei populations contained within each cluster. Archival andnewly acquired redshifts were used to verify cluster membership for most(~95%) of the optical identifications. Thus, we can identify all thestarbursting galaxies within these clusters, regardless of the level ofdust obscuration that would affect these galaxies being identified fromtheir optical signature. Cluster sample selection, observations, anddata reduction techniques for all wavelengths are discussed.

Tidally Triggered Star Formation in Close Pairs of Galaxies. II. Constraints on Burst Strengths and Ages
Galaxy-galaxy interactions rearrange the baryons in galaxies and triggersubstantial star formation; the aggregate effects of these interactionson the evolutionary histories of galaxies in the universe are poorlyunderstood. We combine B- and R-band photometry and optical spectroscopyto estimate the strengths and timescales of bursts of triggered starformation in the centers of 190 galaxies in pairs and compact groups.Based on an analysis of the measured colors and EW(Hα), wecharacterize the preexisting and triggered populations separately. Thebest-fitting burst scenarios assume stronger reddening corrections forline emission than for the continuum and continuous star formationlasting for >~100 Myr. The most realistic scenarios require aninitial mass function that is deficient in the highest mass stars. Thecolor of the preexisting stellar population is the most significantsource of uncertainty. Triggered star formation contributessubstantially (probably >~50%) to the R-band flux in the centralregions of several galaxies; tidal tails do not necessarily accompanythis star formation. Many of the galaxies in our sample have bluercenters than outskirts, suggesting that pre- or nonmerger interactionsmay lead to evolution along the Hubble sequence. These objects wouldappear blue and compact at higher redshifts; the older, redder outskirtsof the disks would be difficult to detect. Our data indicate thatgalaxies with larger separations on the sky contain weaker, and probablyolder, bursts of star formation on average. However, confirmation ofthese trends requires further constraints on the colors of the olderstellar populations and on the reddening for individual galaxies.

The UZC-SSRS2 Group Catalog
We apply a friends-of-friends algorithm to the combined Updated ZwickyCatalog and Southern Sky Redshift Survey to construct a catalog of 1168groups of galaxies; 411 of these groups have five or more members withinthe redshift survey. The group catalog covers 4.69 sr, and all groupsexceed the number density contrast threshold, δρ/ρ=80. Wedemonstrate that the groups catalog is homogeneous across the twounderlying redshift surveys; the catalog of groups and their membersthus provides a basis for other statistical studies of the large-scaledistribution of groups and their physical properties. The medianphysical properties of the groups are similar to those for groupsderived from independent surveys, including the ESO Key Programme andthe Las Campanas Redshift Survey. We include tables of groups and theirmembers.

The scaling relations of early-type galaxies in clusters. I. Surface photometry in seven nearby clusters
This is the first paper of a series investigating the scaling relationsof early-type galaxies in clusters. Here we illustrate the multi-bandimagery and the image reduction and calibration procedures relative tothe whole sample of 22 clusters at 0.05 <~ z <~ 0.25. We alsopresent detailed surface photometry of 312 early-type galaxies in 7clusters in the first redshift bin, z ≈0.025-0.075. We give for eachgalaxy the complete set of luminosity and geometrical profiles, and anumber of global, photometric and morphological parameters. They havebeen evaluated taking into account the effects of seeing. Internalconsistency checks and comparisons with data in the literature confirmthe quality of our analysis. These data, together with the spectroscopicones presented in the second paper of the series, will provide the localcalibration of the scaling relations. Tables 6, 7a-7g, the colour printsof Figs. 12a-12g AND Figs. 13a-13g are only available in electronic format http://www.edpsciences.com. The complete set of profiles is availableupon request from the authors. Tables 7a-7g are also available inelectronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/387/26

A new list of extra-galactic radio jets
A catalogue of extra-galactic jets is very useful both in observationaland theoretical studies of active galaxies. With the use of new powerfulradio instruments, the detailed structures of very compact or weak radiosources are investigated observationally and many new radio jets aredetected. In this paper, we give a list of 661 radio sources withdetected radio jets known to us prior to the end of December 2000. Allreferences are collected for the observations of jets in radio, IR,optical, UV and X-ray wave-bands. Table 1 and references to Table 1 areonly available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/381/757

Are all radio galaxies genuine ellipticals?
Classical double radio sources are believed to be powered by a strongrelativistic jet due to the presence of a rapidly spinning black hole inthe center of a giant E galaxy formed by the merging of two galaxies. Ifthis is true, no radio source should have been found in spiral or S0galaxies. A number of radio S0s have been reported, but most of them areprobably misclassified Es. However, our own observations confirm thatNGC 612 is an S0 although it is associated with the FR II radio sourcePKS 0131-36. We conclude that S0s can be classical radio sources, butthat such occurences are extremely rare. Partly based on observationsobtained with the ESO 3.6 m telescope, La Silla, Chile.

Radio-loud active galaxies in the northern ROSAT All-Sky Survey. IV. Properties of sources stronger than 100 mJy at 5 GHz
We present multi-frequency radio data for 741 extragalactic sources witha 5 GHz integrated flux density of > 100 mJy. These sources have beenselected from a cross-correlation of an early ROSAT All-Sky Surveysource list with a list of compact radio sources of the 5 GHz Green Banknorthern sky survey (RGB sample). The majority of sources werequasi-simultaneously observed with the Effelsberg 100-m telescope at 11cm, 6 cm, and 2.8 cm. We have determined the spectrum, size and linearpolarization properties of these sources. We compare the radio data withROSAT measurements and optical data. We find that the X-ray selectedradio sources, when compared with unbiased radio source samples, are onaverage slightly more compact, show a higher fractional polarization, ahigher absolute rotation measure (RM), and have flatter spectra.Absolute RMs are larger for steep spectrum than for flat spectrumsources and for extended than for compact sources. The average redshiftincreases with the radio flux density, which indicates that the X-rayselected radio sources have a larger fraction of beamed radio emission.All source characteristics of the sample are in accordance with presentunification schemes for AGN, where X-ray selected sources are preferablelooked at face on. Tables~1 and 2 are only available in electronic format the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( orvia http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

The peculiar motions of early-type galaxies in two distant regions - II. The spectroscopic data
We present the spectroscopic data for the galaxies studied in the EFARproject, which is designed to measure the properties and peculiarmotions of early-type galaxies in two distant regions. We have obtained1319 spectra of 714 early-type galaxies over 33 observing runs on 10different telescopes. We describe the observations and data reductionsused to measure redshifts, velocity dispersions and the Mgb and Mg_2Lick linestrength indices. Detailed simulations and intercomparison ofthe large number of repeat observations lead to reliable error estimatesfor all quantities. The measurements from different observing runs arecalibrated to a common zero-point or scale before being combined,yielding a total of 706 redshifts, 676 velocity dispersions, 676 Mgblinestrengths and 582 Mg_2 linestrengths. The median estimated errors inthe combined measurements are Delta cz=20 km s^-1, Delta sigma sigma=9.1 per cent, Delta Mgb Mgb=7.2 per cent and Delta Mg_2=0.015 mag.Comparison of our measurements with published data sets shows nosystematic errors in the redshifts or velocity dispersions, and onlysmall zero-point corrections to bring our linestrengths on to thestandard Lick system. We have assigned galaxies to physical clusters byexamining the line-of-sight velocity distributions based on EFAR andZCAT redshifts, together with the projected distributions on the sky. Wederive mean redshifts and velocity dispersions for these clusters, whichwill be used in estimating distances and peculiar velocities and to testfor trends in the galaxy population with cluster mass. The spectroscopicparameters presented here for 706 galaxies combine high-quality data,uniform reduction and measurement procedures, and detailed erroranalysis. They form the largest single set of velocity dispersions andlinestrengths for early-type galaxies published to date.

Bilateral symmetry in active galaxies.
Not Available

Kinematics of the Hercules supercluster
The Hercules supercluster consists of the Abell clusters A2147, A2151,and A2152. Previous studies of the kinematics have been confounded bythe difficulty of correctly assigning galaxies to the individualclusters, which are not well separated. Our study has a total of 468available velocities for galaxies in the region, 175 of them new. Thereare 414 galaxies in the supercluster, about three times the number usedin the previous supercluster study. We verify the existence of the threeindividual clusters and compute their individual dynamical parameters.We investigate several techniques for assigning galaxy membership toclusters in this crowded field. We use the KMM mixture-modelingalgorithm to separate the galaxies into clusters; we find that A2152 hasa higher mean velocity than previous studies have reported. A2147 andA2152 also have lower velocity dispersions: 821 and 715 km/s,respectively. The assignment of galaxies to either A2152 or A2147requires velocity and position information. We study the kinematics ofthe supercluster using the two-body formalism of Beers et al. (1982) andconclude that A2147 and A2151 are probably bound to each other and thatthe supercluster as a whole may also be bound. The mass of thesupercluster, if bound, is (7.6 +/- 2.0) 10 exp 15/h M(solar); with thesupercluster luminosity, (1.4 +/- 0.2) 10 exp 13/sq h L(solar), thisyields 0.34 +/- 0.1.

Total magnitude, radius, colour indices, colour gradients and photometric type of galaxies
We present a catalogue of aperture photometry of galaxies, in UBVRI,assembled from three different origins: (i) an update of the catalogueof Buta et al. (1995) (ii) published photometric profiles and (iii)aperture photometry performed on CCD images. We explored different setsof growth curves to fit these data: (i) The Sersic law, (ii) The net ofgrowth curves used for the preparation of the RC3 and (iii) A linearinterpolation between the de Vaucouleurs (r(1/4) ) and exponential laws.Finally we adopted the latter solution. Fitting these growth curves, wederive (1) the total magnitude, (2) the effective radius, (3) the colourindices and (4) gradients and (5) the photometric type of 5169 galaxies.The photometric type is defined to statistically match the revisedmorphologic type and parametrizes the shape of the growth curve. It iscoded from -9, for very concentrated galaxies, to +10, for diffusegalaxies. Based in part on observations collected at the Haute-ProvenceObservatory.

H_2O megamaser emission from FR I radio galaxies
A systematic search for 22 GHz H_2O megamaser emission is reported for50 nearby (z la 0.15) FR I galaxies. No detection was obtained, implyingthat ultraluminous H_2O masers (L_H_2O > 10(3) Lsun) mustbe rare in early-type galaxies with FR I radio morphology. Despitehigher radio core luminosities the detection rate for our sample islower than in similar surveys of late-type Seyfert galaxies. Thispuzzling difference between Seyferts and low-power radio galaxies couldbe explained in several ways: a) the maser emission is saturated andtherefore independent of the radio core luminosity, b) the masers areunsaturated and originate in a thin circumnuclear gas disk, so the`seed' radio continuum would come from the far jet which isrelativistically dimmed or c) the amount, kinematics, or thedistribution of the molecular gas in the nuclei of Seyferts and radiogalaxies is different. Further studies of maser properties may provideclues to the differences between radio-loud and radio-quiet AGN.

The peculiar motions of early-type galaxies in two distant regions. III - The photometric data
We present R-band CCD photometry for 776 galaxies observed in the EFARproject. The photometry is compared with photoelectric data, showingthat a common zero-point good to better than 1 per cent and a precisionof 0.03 mag per zero-point have been achieved. We give the circularlyaveraged surface brightness profiles and the photometric parameters ofthe 762 program galaxies, D(n) diameters, half-luminosity radii, totalmagnitudes, and average effective surface brightnesses. More than 80percent of the profiles have a global S/N ratio larger than 300. Theextrapolation needed to derive total magnitudes is less than 10 percentfor 80 percent of the fits. More than 80 percent of the galaxies havemean effective surface brightness larger than the observed skybrightness. In 90 percent of the profiles the estimate of thecontamination of the sky by the galaxy light is less than 1 percent. Wederive total magnitudes and half-luminosity radii to better than 0.15mag and 25 percent, respectively, for 90 percent of our sample. Incontrast, external comparisons show that data in the literature can bestrongly affected by systematic errors due to large extrapolations,small radial range, sky subtraction errors, seeing effects, and the useof a simple R exp 1/4 fit. The resulting errors can easily amount tomore than 0.5 mag in the total magnitudes and 50 percent in thehalf-luminosity radii.

A 20 Centimeter VLA Survey of Abell Clusters of Galaxies. VII. Detailed Radio Images
We present detailed radio images, and models, obtained with the VeryLarge Array at 20 cm for 199 radio galaxies in Abell clusters ofgalaxies.

A VLA Survey of the Hercules Cluster.I.The HI Data
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1997AJ....113.1939D&db_key=AST

The Peculiar Motions of Early-Type Galaxies in Two Distant Regions. I. Cluster and Galaxy Selection
The EFAR project is a study of 736 candidate elliptical galaxies in 84clusters lying in two regions, toward Hercules-Corona Borealis andPerseus-Pisces-Cetus, at distances cz ~ 6000-15,000 km s^-1^. In thispaper (the first of a series), we present an introduction to the EFARproject and describe in detail the selection of the clusters andgalaxies in our sample. Fundamental data for the galaxies and clustersare given, including accurate new positions for each galaxy andredshifts for each cluster. The galaxy selection functions aredetermined by using diameters measured from Schmidt sky survey imagesfor 2185 galaxies in the cluster fields. Future papers in this serieswill present the spectroscopic and photometric observations of thissample, investigate the properties of the fundamental plane forelliptical galaxies, and determine the large- scale peculiar velocityfields in these two regions of the universe.

A High-Resolution ROSAT X-Ray Study of the Hercules Cluster
The well-studied, irregular Hercules cluster of galaxies (Abell 2151)was observed in X-rays with the ROSAT HRI. We find that the X-rayemission is concentrated toward the central subcluster of the system, inagreement with previous Einstein and ROSAT PSPC observations. The X-rayemission in this subcluster divides into two components, whichcorrespond to two groups of galaxies in the region. The center of thebrightest (western) X-ray component coincides with the brightest clustergalaxy (BCG) NGC 6041A, while there is an X-ray peak near the center ofthe poorer eastern component that agrees with the position of anelliptical radio galaxy NGC 6047. The X-ray emission is fairlyirregular, and there are separate X-ray features associated withindividual galaxies including the BCG NGC 6041A. There are two X-rayclumps associated with an interacting peculiar galaxy pair NGC 6040A/B.Gas stripping from the galaxy pair has depleted about 80% of theirneutral hydrogen contents. In addition, the stripped gas may constitutea majority of the X-ray emitting gas in this region, which suggests thatthe gas stripping in this subcluster may be very efficient and is animportant contributing factor to the origin of the hot gas. Theinteraction of the intracluster gas with the radio galaxy NGC 6047 hasalso been investigated. A cooling flow of M = 143 +/- 28 M_sun_ yr^-1^is found in the central subcluster that may have deposited a significantfraction of the cooled gas to the central BCG galaxy NGC 6041A. We alsoprobed the dynamic structure and dark matter distribution in the centralsubcluster. Our data show that, within the central 678 kpc, total darkmatter in this main subcluster is comparable to the total materialcontained in luminous galaxies and X-ray emitting gas in the region.Throughout the paper, we have assumed a Hubble constant of 50 km s^-1^Mpc^-1^ and q_0_ = 0.5.

Optical Spectroscopy of Radio Galaxies in Abell Clusters II. BL Lacs and FR I Unification
As part of our optical spectroscopic study of radio galaxies in Abellclusters, we report a search for BL Lac phenomena in our sample. As anindicator of possible nonthermal activity in the nuclei of our radiogalaxies, we report D(4000), a measure of the 4000 A break, for 190objects. None of the objects in our sample are found which meet thetions for BL Lac objects both for D(4000) and for weakness of emissionlines. We do find 15 objects which have diluted 4000 A breaks[D(4000)<= 1.8], and these are discussed individually. At least fourof them appear to have weak nonthermal activity which may be related tothe BL Lac phenomena. These results appear to be in conflict with thesimplest BL Lac/FR I unification model. Several ways out of this dilemmaare discussed. Perhaps the most likely change in this model is theinclusion of FR II radio galaxies as part of the parent population of BLLac objects.

An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.

A 20 CM Survey of Abell Clusters of Galaxies. V. Optical Observations and Surface Photometry
We present results from a program of optical imaging of 265 radiogalaxies in rich clusters. Using isophotal surface photometry, weinvestigate the optical properties such as the morphology, surface-brightness profiles, surface-brightness/size relationships,ellipticities, and the frequency of nonelliptical isophotes. The resultsare compared to a "normal" nonradio-selected sample of ellipticalgalaxies from the same clusters. The goal is to determine if the parentpopulation of FR I radio galaxies can be distinguished optically fromradio-quiet galaxies. The results of the analysis are that clusterellipticals are a very homogeneous class of objects. The opticalproperties are consistent with a one-parameter family, where the opticalluminosity is the fundamental parameter. In all tests considered, radio-loud FR I galaxies cannot be distinguished optically from radio-quietgalaxies selected from the same environment. The local density of nearbycompanions (<20 kpc) and the frequency of morphological peculiaritiesor tidal interactions are not statistically different between theradio-loud and quiet samples. There is some suggestion from comparisonto published samples of non-cluster radio galaxies, that the clusterenvironment is not condusive to long-lived tidal interactions, and thatsuch events may be more important to galaxy evolution in poor groups andlower density environments. Such events appear to have little influenceon the formation of FR I radio galaxies in rich clusters. The resultsare consistent with the idea that all elliptical galaxies may at sometime (or many times) contain powerful (rR I) radio sources.

Subcluster mergers and galaxy infall in A2151
We have obtained a 12.5 ks image of the Hercules Cluster, A2151, withthe ROSAT PSPC. Comparison of the optical and X-ray emission coincideswith the highest-density peak in the distribution, and is bimodal. Thenorthern subclummp, distinct in position and velocity, has no detectableX-ray gas. The eastern subclump, apparent in the optical contour map, isindistinguishable from the clump in velocity space, but is clearlyvisible in the X-ray image. X-ray spectra derived from the central peakof emission yield a best-fit temperature of 1.6 keV. The emissioncoincident with the eastern clump of galaxies is cooler, 0.8 keV, and isoutside the 90% confidence intervals of the central peak temperature. Wesuggest that the eastern and central subclusters have recently undergonea merger event. The lack of X-ray emission to the north suggests thatthose galaxies do not form a physically distinct structure (i.e., theyare not located within a distinct gravitational potential), but ratherthat they are falling into the cluster core along the filament definedby the Hercules Supercluster.

A 20 CM VLA Survey of Abell clusters of galaxies. 4: The radio sample and cluster properties
This is the fourth in a series of papers describing an in depth study ofa large statistical sample of radio galaxies in Abell clusters. Thissample forms the basis of a detailed optical and radio study of the hostgalaxy properties, environments, and evolutionary models for radiogalaxies as a class of objects. In this paper, we examine the radiodetection statistics as a function of cluster morphological type, galaxyrichness, and spatial location within the cluster distribution. Theserelationships are also parameterized as a funtion of radio power. Thespatial distributions of the radio sources as a function of distancefrom the cluster center indicate that radio galaxies are preferentiallylocated at small radii from the center of the cluster potential. This isobserved as a factor of 2-3 excess over that predicted by a King-modelsurface-density distribution. The excess is higher in the upper radiopower bin. This result is easily explained, however, from the spatialdistribution of the brightest galaxies and the relationship betweenradio and optical luminosity. The sample is divided into richnessclasses 0, 1, and 2, according to Abell's criterion. and in two radiopower ranges. While simple counting shows that richer clusters have moreradio galaxies in both radio power bins, when the detections are scaledto the number of galaxies surveyed in each cluster, no significantcorrelations are found. This result implies that the number of radiogalaxies detected simply scales with the number of galaxies surveyed.The higher galaxy density (and presumably higher ICM gas density) inricher clusters does not appear to affect the rate of radio sourceformation. The clusters are divided into Rood-Sastry and Bautz-Morganmorphological types. While it would appear that the more regularclusters have higher radio detection rates, when the classes arenormalized to the number of galaxies, the radio detection rates arefound to be identical regardless of cluster morphology. In conclusion,it is the optical properties of the host galaxy which most influenceboth the radio detection rate and the radio source properties. Thecluster properties, galaxy density, and spatial location of the galaxydo not significantly affect the observed radio statistics.

Integrated photoelectric magnitudes and color indices of bright galaxies in the Johnson UBV system
The photoelectric total magnitudes and color indices published in theThird Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies (RC3) are based on ananalysis of approximately equals 26,000 B, 25,000 B-V, and 17,000 U-Bmultiaperture measurements available up to mid 1987 from nearly 350sources. This paper provides the full details of the analysis andestimates of internal and external errors in the parameters. Thederivation of the parameters is based on techniques described by theVaucouleurs & Corwin (1977) whereby photoelectric multiaperture dataare fitted by mean Hubble-type-dependent curves which describe theintegral of the B-band flux and the typical B-V and U-B integrated colorgradients. A sophisticated analysis of the residuals of thesemeasurements from the curves was made to allow for the random andsystematic errors that effect such data. The result is a homogeneous setof total magnitudes BTA total colors(B-V)T and (U-B)T, and effective colors(B-V)e and (U-B)e for more than 3000 brightgalaxies in RC3.

The complex structure of Abell 2151 (Hercules)
We analyzed the space distribution of 117 galaxies in an area of 0.9 degradius centered on NGC 6045 in the Hercules cluster in the velocityrange 9000 to 14,000 km/s. By taking advantage of 74 morphologies basedon CCD images, we succeed in isolating a cluster of galaxies with anaverage velocity of 11,467 km/s located to the NE of the assumedcentroid of A2151, where early and late type galaxies share the samedynamical properties. The implications of this result for the nature andidentification of the x-ray source is briefly discussed.

Optical spectroscopy of radio galaxies in Abell clusters. 1: Redshifts and emission-line properties
We present results of a program of optical spectroscopy of radiogalaxies in rich clusters. Redshifts are reported for 268 radio galaxiesor close companions in Abell clusters and 36 objects which turned out tobe foreground or background objects. Absolute line strengths are alsoreported for the 3727 A (O II) line and the (N II)/H alpha complex. Wefind no evidence that the radio activity in our sample of mostly FR Iradio galaxies is associated with emission-line luminosities above thosefound in normal galaxies of the same absolute magnitude and opticaltype. We also find that the radial velocity differences between radiogalaxies and the cluster mean seem mainly to be a function of galaxyabsolute magnitude rather than radio properties.

The ROSAT AGN content of the 87GB 5 GHz survey: bulk properties of previously optically identified sources.
The cross-correlation of the source list from the ROSAT All-Sky Surveywith the 5 GHz Green Bank survey yields a list of 2127 objects. Abouttwo thirds of them are optically unidentified. The majority of theobjects with known optical counterparts are quasars and radio galaxies,most of them detected in X-rays for the first time. In this paper wepresent a list of the previously optically identified objects with theirmain characteristics and discuss their general (bulk) properties. Wefind strong correlations between luminosities in the radio, optical, andX-ray bands which differ for quasars and radio galaxies. The fraction offlat radio spectrum sources increases with redshift and ~ 95% of allsources above z = 2 are of that type. In the relatively large group ofblazars, radio selected BL Lacs and highly polarized quasars show verysimilar properties while X-ray selected BL Lacs have markedly differentX-ray to radio flux ratios. The sample is large enough and ofsufficiently high quality to reveal clearly various detection biases andselection effects which strongly influence the physical interpretationof the correlations. Radio follow - up observations for thedetermination of the morphological and spectral properties as well asenvironmental conditions are needed for a statistically reliable studyof the sample. The very large group of sources with low radio fluxesremains to be optically identified.

The magnetic field in the Coma cluster.
The polarization data of the radio galaxy NGC 4869, belonging to theComa cluster and located in its central region, allow us to obtaininformation on the structure of magnetic field associated with thecluster itself. A magnetic field of <~8.3h^1/2^_100muG,tangled on scales of the order of less than 1kpc, is required to explainthe observed fluctuations of the rotation measure. This magnetic fieldis more than one order of magnitude stronger than the equipartitionvalue obtained for Coma C. This implies that the halo source Coma C maynot be at the equipartition. Moreover, the need of efficientreacceleration mechanisms for the electrons radiating in Coma C isstronger. The energy supply to the Coma C radiating electrons isprobably provided by the cluster merger process.

Faraday rotation in cooling flow clusters of galaxies. 2: Survey
We have performed sensitive polarimetric radio observations with theVery Large Array (VLA) of radio galaxies embedded in extreme coolingflow clusters. High sensitivity, multifrequency maps, and maps ofFaraday Rotation Measures (RMs) of 1514+0712, 1626+396, and 1603+178 arepresented. 1514+0712 and 1626+396 are found to have absolute RMs inexcess of 800 rad/sq m. For 1603+178, the absolute RMs are less than 100rad/sq m, unlike 1512+0712 and 1626+396 the radio galaxy is not in thecenter of the cooling flow. The high RMs are likely to be produced bymagnetic fields associated with the dense, hot x-ray emitting gas in thecooling flow clusters.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:16h05m08.90s
Aparent dimensions:1.175′ × 0.794′

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NGC 2000.0NGC 6047

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