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|Kinematics of the local universe . XII. 21-cm line measurements of 586 galaxies with the new Nançay receiver|
This paper presents 586 new 21-cm neutral hydrogen line measurementscarried out with the FORT receiver of the meridian transit Nançayradiotelescope in the period July 2000-March 2003. This observationalprogramme is part of a larger project aiming at collecting an exhaustiveand magnitude-complete HI extragalactic catalogue for Tully-Fisherapplications. It is associated with the building of the MIGALEspectroscopic archive and database.Tables 2, 3 and HI-profiles and corresponding comments are onlyavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/430/373, or directly atour web site http://klun.obs-nancay.fr
|Catalog of Double Nucleus Disk Galaxies|
We have compiled a catalog of disk galaxies that have a double nucleus,through systematic examination of existing catalogs and publications.The Catalog of Double Nucleus Disk Galaxies includes 107 objects,together with their basic data. The aim of the catalog is to provide amore systematic and homogeneous basis for the study of the relevance ofgalaxy interactions and minor mergers in the formation of these doublenuclei. We have also investigated possible correlations betweengeometric and photometric parameters of the double nuclei and their hostgalaxies. The preliminary results indicate the presence of severalsignificant correlations that should be considered in any theoreticalscenario describing minor mergers and disk galaxy evolution.
|The PDS versus Markarian starburst galaxies: comparing strong and weak IRAS emitter at 12 and 25 μm in the nearby Universe|
The characteristics of the starburst galaxies from the Pico dos Diassurvey (PDS) are compared with those of the nearby ultraviolet (UV)bright Markarian starburst galaxies, having the same limit in redshift(vh < 7500 km s-1) and absolute B magnitude(MB < -18). An important difference is found: theMarkarian galaxies are generally undetected at 12 and 25 μm in IRAS.This is consistent with the UV excess shown by these galaxies andsuggests that the youngest star-forming regions dominating thesegalaxies are relatively free of dust.The far-infrared selection criteria for the PDS are shown to introduce astrong bias towards massive (luminous) and large size late-type spiralgalaxies. This is contrary to the Markarian galaxies, which are found tobe remarkably rich in smaller size early-type galaxies. These resultssuggest that only late-type spirals with a large and massive disc arestrong emitters at 12 and 25 μm in IRAS in the nearby Universe.The Markarian and PDS starburst galaxies are shown to share the sameenvironment. This rules out an explanation of the differences observedin terms of external parameters. These differences may be explained byassuming two different levels of evolution, the Markarian being lessevolved than the PDS galaxies. This interpretation is fully consistentwith the disc formation hypothesis proposed by Coziol et al. to explainthe special properties of the Markarian SBNG.
|Radio sources in the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey - II. Local radio luminosity functions for AGN and star-forming galaxies at 1.4 GHz|
We have cross-matched the 1.4-GHz NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) with thefirst 210 fields observed in the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS),covering an effective area of 325deg2 (about 20 per cent ofthe final 2dFGRS area). This yields a set of optical spectra of 912candidate NVSS counterparts, of which we identify 757 as genuine radioidentifications - the largest and most homogeneous set of radio sourcespectra ever obtained. The 2dFGRS radio sources span the redshift rangez=0.005 to 0.438, and are a mixture of active galaxies (60 per cent) andstar-forming galaxies (40 per cent). About 25 per cent of the 2dFGRSradio sources are spatially resolved by NVSS, and the sample includesthree giant radio galaxies with projected linear size greater than 1Mpc.The high quality of the 2dF spectra means we can usually distinguishunambiguously between AGN and star-forming galaxies. We make a newdetermination of the local radio luminosity function at 1.4GHz for bothactive and star-forming galaxies, and derive a local star formationdensity of 0.022+/-0.004Msolaryr-1Mpc-3(H0=50kms-1Mpc-1).
|Radio Emission from Galaxies in the Las Campanas Redshift Survey|
To increase the redshift range and look-back time over which the radioluminosity function can be measured directly, we identified 1157galaxies in the Las Campanas Redshift Survey (LCRS) having isophotal(red) magnitudes m_iso<=18.0 with radio sources brighter than 2.5 mJybeam^-1 in the 1.4 GHz NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS). Since the NVSS has45" FWHM angular resolution, these radio and optical limits includenearly all LCRS galaxies with 1.4 GHz luminosities L>=10^22.4 W Hz^-1at z~0.05 to L>=10^23.6 W Hz^-1 at z~0.2. The mean redshift~0.14 of the radio-detected galaxies is higher than the meanredshift ~0.10 of the optical sample. This indicates that,statistically, the radio emission was detected from galaxies with thehighest optical luminosities. Of the 1157 galaxies, 261 were alsoidentified with far-infrared (FIR) sources in the IRAS Point SourceCatalog and Faint Source Catalog. The principal radio energy sources inall identified galaxies were classified as either ``starburst'' or``AGN'' on the basis of their FIR-radio flux ratios, FIR spectralindices, and radio-optical flux ratios. We show that the radio-opticalflux ratio can be effectively used to classify the dominant energysource for the radio emission even if FIR fluxes and radio morphologicaldata are not available.
|The Southern Sky Redshift Survey|
We report redshifts, magnitudes, and morphological classifications for5369 galaxies with m_B <= 15.5 and for 57 galaxies fainter than thislimit, in two regions covering a total of 1.70 sr in the southerncelestial hemisphere. The galaxy catalog is drawn primarily from thelist of nonstellar objects identified in the Hubble Space TelescopeGuide Star Catalog (GSC). The galaxies have positions accurate to ~1"and magnitudes with an rms scatter of ~0.3 mag. We compute magnitudes(m_SSRS2) from the relation between instrumental GSC magnitudes and thephotometry by Lauberts & Valentijn. From a comparison with CCDphotometry, we find that our system is homogeneous across the sky andcorresponds to magnitudes measured at the isophotal level ~26 magarcsec^-2. The precision of the radial velocities is ~40 km s^-1, andthe redshift survey is more than 99% complete to the m_SSRS2 = 15.5 maglimit. This sample is in the direction opposite that of the CfA2; incombination the two surveys provide an important database for studies ofthe properties of galaxies and their large-scale distribution in thenearby universe. Based on observations obtained at Cerro TololoInter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatories,operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy,Inc., under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation;Complejo Astronomico El Leoncito, operated under agreement between theConsejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas de laRepública Argentina and the National Universities of La Plata,Córdoba, and San Juan; the European Southern Observatory, LaSilla, Chile, partially under the bilateral ESO-ObservatórioNacional agreement; Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory;Laboratório Nacional de Astrofísica, Brazil; and the SouthAfrican Astronomical Observatory.
|A multifrequency radio continuum and IRAS faint source survey of markarian galaxies|
Results are presented from a multifrequency radio continumm survey ofMarkarian galaxies (MRKs) and are supplemented by IRAS infrared datafrom the Faint Source Survey. Radio data are presented for 899 MRKsobserved at nu = 4.755 GHz with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory(NRAO)-Green Bank 300 foot (91 m) telescope, including nearly 88% ofthose objects in Markarian lists VI-XIV. In addition, 1.415 GHzmeasurements of 258 MRKs, over 30% of the MRKs accessible from theNational Aeronomy and Ionosphere Center (NAIC)-Arecibo, are reported.Radio continuum observations of smaller numbers of MRKs were made at10.63 GHz and at 23.1 GHz and are also presented. Infrared data from theIRAS Faint Source Survey (Ver. 2) are presented for 944 MRKs, withreasonably secure identifications extracted from the NASA/IPACExtragalactic Database. MRKs exhibit the same canonical infraredcharacteristics as those reported for various other galaxy samples, thatis well-known enhancement of the 25 micrometer/60 micrometer color ratioamong Seyfert MRKs, and a clear tendency for MRKs with warmer 60micrometer/100 micrometer colors to also possess cooler 12 micrometer/25micrometer colors. In addition, non-Seyfert are found to obey thewell-documented infrared/radio luminosity correlation, with the tightestcorrelation seen for starburst MRKs.
|Optical imaging and long-slit spectroscopy of Markarian galaxies with multiple nuclei. I - Basic data|
Optical CCD images and long-slit spectroscopic data are presented forover 100 Markarian (UV-excess) galaxies reported in early studies topossess multiple optical nuclei or extreme morphological peculiaritiessuggestive of galaxy collisions and mergers. Stacked broad-band imagesare presented with histogram equalization in order to showsimultaneously the nuclei and features at very low surface-brightnesslevels. Morphological properties, luminosities and colors of theintegral systems are given. Photometric and image properties of over 200individual nuclei and giant H II regions have been measured with respectto the local backgrounds in the galaxies using an objective imagefinding algorithm. Labeled contour plots identify the measuredsubcomponents. Two-dimensional spectral data are presented, in additionto intensity profiles along the slit in the light of H-alpha + forbiddenN II emission lines and adjacent continuum. Nuclear emission-linemeasurements, reddening estimates, monochromatic continuum magnitudes,and colors are given.
|Mean galaxy luminosity classifications|
To prepare a catalog of weighted means on the classification system ofvan den Bergh, we have combined eight independent lists of luminosityclass estimates, L. Luminosity class values from each set weretransformed to the standard system and weighted according to the errorsderived through a statistical comparison of L differences betweencatalog pairs. Relations were derived for predicting accidental errorsassociated with galaxy diameter and inclination. In addition, we presentformulas for correcting systematic errors associated with diameter andinclination. Finally, we tabulate a high weight subsample of the meanluminosity classes usable as standards. Most values are tabulated in theThird Reference Catalog of Bright Galaxies.
|Far-infrared properties of Markarian galaxies with multiple nuclei - Warm dust emission in mergers|
An investigation of coadded IRAS data is performed on 187 Markariangalaxies where distinguishing morphological characteristics or multipleoptical nuclei are present. The far-IR properties of Markarian galaxiesare compared to the IRAS Bright Galaxy Sample, and a much higher mediandust temperature is found in the multiple nucleus galaxies, suggestingthat more far-IR luminosity results from active star formation. Bothoptical/UV and far-IR selection techniques are necessary to extractcomplete samples of AGNs since the far-IR two-color plane can miss up to50 percent of the galaxies. A systematic increase in the contribution ofwarm dust emission due to active star formation and AGNs is found in astatistical comparison of merger candidates and other galaxy samples.The assumed nature of precursor galaxies determines the assumedenhancement of far-IR luminosity caused by galaxy collisions. A model ispresented which describes the properties of the Markarian galaxies interms of enhanced OB star formation and different grain sizedistributions. The results of the investigation are shown to beconsistent with a 'subdued' interpretation of merging galaxies with highluminosities.
|A catalog of Markarian galaxies|
A catalog of Markarian galaxies is presented which tabulates redshifts,spectral and morphological classifications, magnitudes, infrared andradio flux densities, and over 600 references to available datapublished before January 1, 1986. Redshifts are now available for 1228objects with strong ultraviolet continua, and follow-up spectroscopicand photometric observations of Markarian galaxies have providedclassifications of 115 Seyfert 1, 43 Seyfert 2, and 137 starburst and HII-type galaxies. After a description of the Markarian survey and thecurrent catalog, a summary of the general results obtained from the datais presented. A preliminary study of the infrared properties ofMarkarian galaxies as measured by IRAS reveals a number of interestingresults, including the existence of a sample of elliptical andlenticular galaxies with appreciable infrared emission.
|Accurate Optical Positions for Markarian Galaxies 1096-1302|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1981AJ.....86..816K&db_key=AST
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