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Weak homology of elliptical galaxies.
Studies of the Fundamental Plane of early-type galaxies, from small tointermediate redshifts, are generally carried out under the guidingprinciple that the Fundamental Plane reflects the existence of anunderlying mass-luminosity relation for such galaxies, in a scenariowhere galaxies are homologous systems in dynamical equilibrium. In thispaper we re-examine the question of whether a systematic non-homologycould be partly responsible for the correlations that define theFundamental Plane. We start by studying a small set of objectscharacterized by photometric profiles that have been pointed out todeviate significantly from the standard R1/4 law. For theseobjects we confirm that a generic R1/n law, with n a freeparameter, can provide superior fits (the best-fit value of n can belower than 2.5 or higher than 10), better than those that can beobtained by a pure R1/4 law, by an R1/4 +exponential model, and by other dynamically justified self-consistentmodels. Therefore, strictly speaking, elliptical galaxies should not beconsidered homologous dynamical systems. Still, a case for weakhomology, useful for the interpretation of the Fundamental Plane, couldbe made if the best-fit parameter n, as often reported, correlates withgalaxy luminosity L, provided the underlying dynamical structure alsofollows a systematic trend with luminosity. We demonstrate that thisstatement may be true even in the presence of significant scatter in thecorrelation n(L). Preliminary indications provided by a set of ``datapoints" associated with a sample of 14 galaxies suggest that neither thestrict homology nor the constant stellar mass-to-light solution are asatisfactory explanation of the observed Fundamental Plane. Theseconclusions await further extensions and clarifications, because theclass of low-luminosity early-type galaxies, which contributesignificantly to the Fundamental Plane, falls outside the simpledynamical framework considered here and because dynamical considerationsshould be supplemented with other important constraints derived from theevolution of stellar populations.

The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies
The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies (CSRG) is a comprehensivecompilation of diameters, axis ratios, relative bar position angles, andmorphologies of inner and outer rings, pseudorings, and lenses in 3692galaxies south of declination -17 deg. The purpose of the catalog is toevaluate the idea that these ring phenomena are related to orbitalresonances with a bar or oval in galaxy potentials. The catalog is basedon visual inspection of most of the 606 fields of the Science ResearchCouncil (SRC) IIIa-J southern sky survey, with the ESO-B, ESO-R, andPalomar Sky surveys used as auxiliaries when needed for overexposed coreregions. The catalog is most complete for SRC fields 1-303 (mostly southof declination -42 deg). In addition to ringed galaxies, a list of 859mostly nonringed galaxies intended for comparison with other catalogs isprovided. Other findings from the CSRG that are not based on statisticsare the identification of intrinsic bar/ring misalignment; bars whichunderfill inner rings; dimpling of R'1pseudorings; pointy, rectangular, or hexagonal inner or outer ringshapes; a peculiar polar-ring-related system; and other extreme examplesof spiral structure and ring morphology.

Radial Systems of Dark Globules - Part One
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Southern Galaxy Catalogue.
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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:00h26m57.70s
Aparent dimensions:1.122′ × 1.047′

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names   (Edit)
NGC 2000.0NGC 119

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