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|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|The I-Band Tully-Fisher Relation for SC Galaxies: Optical Imaging Data|
Properties derived from the analysis of photometric I-band imagingobservations are presented for 1727 inclined spiral galaxies, mostly oftypes Sbc and Sc. The reduction, parameter extraction, and errorestimation procedures are discussed in detail. The asymptotic behaviorof the magnitude curve of growth and the radial variation in ellipticityand position angle are used in combination with the linearity of thesurface brightness falloff to fit the disk portion of the profile. TotalI-band magnitudes are calculated by extrapolating the detected surfacebrightness profile to a radius of eight disk scale lengths. Errors inthe magnitudes, typically ~0.04 mag, are dominated by uncertainties inthe sky subtraction and disk-fitting procedures. Comparison is made withthe similar imaging database of Mathewson, Ford, & Buchhorn, both aspresented originally by those authors and after reanalyzing theirdigital reduction files using identical disk-fitting procedures. Directcomparison is made of profile details for 292 galaxies observed incommon. Although some differences occur, good agreement is found,proving that the two data sets can be used in combination with onlyminor accommodation of those differences. The compilation of opticalproperties presented here is optimized for use in applications of theTully-Fisher relation as a secondary distance indicator in studies ofthe local peculiar velocity field.
|21 CM H1 Line Spectra of Galaxies in Nearby Clusters|
A compilation of HI line fluxes, systemic velocities and line widths ispresented for \Ndet detected galaxies, mostly in the vicinities of 30nearby rich clusters out to a redshift of z ~ .04, specifically for usein applications of the Tully-Fisher distance method. New 21 cm HI lineprofiles have been obtained for ~ 500 galaxies in 27 Abell clustersvisible from Arecibo. Upper limits are also presented for \Nnod galaxiesfor which HI emission was not detected. In order to provide ahomogeneous line width determination optimized for Tully-Fisher studies,these new data are supplemented by the reanalysis of previouslypublished spectra obtained both at Arecibo and Green Bank that areavailable in a digital archive. Corrections for instrumental broadening,smoothing, signal-to-noise and profile shape are applied, and anestimate of the error on the width is given. When corrected forturbulent broadening and viewing angle, the corrected velocity widthspresented here will provide the appropriate line width parameter neededto derive distances via the Tully-Fisher relation.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|Structure and kinematics of galaxy clusters. I. The redshift catalogue.|
An extensive redshift survey has been conducted on a sample of 15 nearby(0.01<~z<~0.05) clusters of galaxies. A total number of 860redshifts were determined by fitting of emission-lines and/orcross-correlation techniques. Of this sample, 735 galaxies are within0.2-0.8Mpc (H_0_=50km/s/Mpc) of the center of clusters. Approximatemorphological types are available for most of the galaxies. A comparisonof the present redshifts with published data allows an extensive erroranalysis. The agreement is excellent with the most modern data, showinga zero point error of 5km/s and an overall consistency of themeasurements and their uncertainties. We estimate our redshifts to havemean random errors around 30km/s. A population analysis of the clusterswill be given in a forthcoming paper.
|Linear clusters of galaxies - A999 and A1016|
Redshifts have been measured for galaxies in two of the 'linear'clusters of the sample of Adams, Strom, and Strom (1980), including 44redshifts in A999 and 40 in A1016. From the data, it is concluded thatthe galaxies in A999 are probably drawn from a spherically symmetricdistribution, while those in A1016 probably are not. Both A999 and A1016have mass-to-light ratios lower than typical of other clusters. Theeffect of anisotropy on the determination of cluster masses from thevirial theorem is examined, and it is found that if the shortest axes ofthese clusters are close to the line of sight, the mass-to-light ratiomay be underestimated by about 50 percent. No significant evidence isfound for alignments of individual cluster members with the cluster axisin the convincing linear cluster A1016. There is similarly no evidenceof segregation by luminosity morphological type in A1016.
|Radio emission in isolated and cluster spiral galaxies|
In the 2380-MHz continuum radio observations presented for two samplesof spiral galaxies observed with the NAIC Arecibo 305-m telescope, thesamples have been chosen in such a way that they differ markedly in thedensity of surrounding galaxies. One sample includes exclusivelygalaxies from the Karachentseva (1973) Catalog of Isolated Galaxies, theother only galaxies found within one Abell radius from the center ofnearby Abell clusters. The goal is to obtain a comparison of the radioproperties of the galaxies in these two samples, to ascertain whetherenvironmental processes affect significantly their radio emissivity.Above a threshold of five times the rms confusion, 7 percent of thecluster galaxies and 5 percent of the isolated ones are detected. Withthe caution required by the effects of confusion on the single-dishobservations, no significant differences are found in theradio-continuum properties of these two samples.
|Linear clusters of galaxies|
Seven linear clusters of galaxies from the catalog of Rood and Sastryhave been studied primarily to determine whether the principal axes ofthe member galaxies exhibit any tendency toward alignment. The majoraxes of galaxies in two of the clusters (Abell 999 and Abell 2197) showa distinct tendency to lie along the cluster major axes. Examination ofall the galaxies in our seven-cluster sample reveals that the major axesof these cluster members tend to lie either along or perpendicular tothe cluster major axis and avoid intermediate position angles. For thissample, there appears to be no correlation between E-galaxy flatteningand cluster shape, a result in contradiction to the recent study byStrom and Strom of ellipticals located in nine clusters of greaterrichness. Significant evidence of mass segregation is found in twoclusters (Abell 179 and Abell 194).
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