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|Optical spectroscopy for a sample of southern binary galaxies|
Aims.This work is part of a joint observational program aiming to getphotometric and spectroscopic information on southern pairs of galaxies.We present optical long-slit spectroscopic data on 80 probablecomponents of pairs, 61 of them collected with a spectral resolution of3.4 Å, and 19 with 12 Å. Nevertheless, our analysis takesinto account 53 components of pairs with better spectral resolution, as8 of these target galaxies actually belong to optical pairs. For thesample with better resolution, the covered wavelength range is 5724≤ λ ≤ 7036 Å. The spectroscopic and photometricinformation is gathered for an analysis relating galaxy morphologies totheir spectra. Methods: .We use Hα +[NII] and Hα equivalent widths as star formationtracers for the central region of our sample galaxies, and we classifythe spectra according to the emission lines' relative strength bylooking at their behavior. Results: . Some of our sample galaxiesexhibit high central star formation, most of them belonging to closepairs. However, not all galaxies' components of close pairs show thisbehavior. This may be a clue that besides interaction, other agents canstimulate central emission in binary galaxies. We suggest an enhancementin the number of galaxies with peculiar spectra (probably Seyferts) inour binary sample, when compared to isolated galaxies. Our dataindicates that the morphological types of interacting galaxies arerelated to their spectral characteristics, as almost all early-typegalaxies of our sample do not exhibit central optical emission. We notethat the star formation activity is most likely to take place in bothpairs' components, with a slightly higher mean strength for the lessbright component of the pair. It is interesting to point out that mostspirals exhibiting a strong HII emission line spectra present either abar or a peculiarity, but on a general basis we do not find anenhancement of star formation in our interaction sample.
|Photometric study of a sample of southern binary galaxies|
Aims.This work exhibits the basic optical photometric data for a sampleof 50 probable southern binary galaxies. Our sample covers a broad rangeof pair separations, stages of interaction, and morphologies. From theinitial list of selected pairs, using spectroscopic data from theliterature and our own data, we conclude that 84% of these systems aretrue binary galaxies. Methods: .We present residual and asymmetricmaps, R major semi-axis profiles of surface brightness, ellipticity,position-angle, harmonic Fourier coefficients of third and fourth order(b3 and b_4) for 50 probable pairs, and B-R color maps for 47of these pairs. For most galaxies, we present the profiles in twodifferent ways, aiming to verify the influence of random errors onthem. Results: . We note that random errors in position-angleprofiles are at least 2°, but a more significant result must takeinto account a variation larger than 11° for this distribution.Barred galaxies usually show a typical behavior in ellipticity andposition-angle profiles: these profiles display variations when changingfrom a bar to a disk region. In some cases, the variations also occuralong the bar. Some galaxies show distribution profiles that are commonfor their morphological type, and the interaction signature is onlyevidenced by their residual maps. Bars are usually redder and rings arebluer, when compared with the galaxy outskirts. Conclusions: .Ourdata indicates that there is a connection between interaction strengthand morphological distortions in binary galaxies. If we consider theprojected separation of a pair as an indication of interaction strength,distortions such as displaced centers, anomalous shapes of spiral arms,and twistings of external regions are easily detected in some closepairs, although not all components of close pairs show this behavior.Our data suggests that besides interaction, other parameters, likeorbital geometry and internal properties of galaxies, can stimulatebinary galaxies' peculiarities.
|Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups|
In this paper we describe the Nearby Optical Galaxy (NOG) sample, whichis a complete, distance-limited (cz<=6000 km s-1) andmagnitude-limited (B<=14) sample of ~7000 optical galaxies. Thesample covers 2/3 (8.27 sr) of the sky (|b|>20deg) andappears to have a good completeness in redshift (97%). We select thesample on the basis of homogenized corrected total blue magnitudes inorder to minimize systematic effects in galaxy sampling. We identify thegroups in this sample by means of both the hierarchical and thepercolation ``friends-of-friends'' methods. The resulting catalogs ofloose groups appear to be similar and are among the largest catalogs ofgroups currently available. Most of the NOG galaxies (~60%) are found tobe members of galaxy pairs (~580 pairs for a total of ~15% of objects)or groups with at least three members (~500 groups for a total of ~45%of objects). About 40% of galaxies are left ungrouped (field galaxies).We illustrate the main features of the NOG galaxy distribution. Comparedto previous optical and IRAS galaxy samples, the NOG provides a densersampling of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe. Given itslarge sky coverage, the identification of groups, and its high-densitysampling, the NOG is suited to the analysis of the galaxy density fieldof the nearby universe, especially on small scales.
|Candidates for a southern extension of the Karachentsev catalogue of isolated pairs of galaxies.|
|The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies|
The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies (CSRG) is a comprehensivecompilation of diameters, axis ratios, relative bar position angles, andmorphologies of inner and outer rings, pseudorings, and lenses in 3692galaxies south of declination -17 deg. The purpose of the catalog is toevaluate the idea that these ring phenomena are related to orbitalresonances with a bar or oval in galaxy potentials. The catalog is basedon visual inspection of most of the 606 fields of the Science ResearchCouncil (SRC) IIIa-J southern sky survey, with the ESO-B, ESO-R, andPalomar Sky surveys used as auxiliaries when needed for overexposed coreregions. The catalog is most complete for SRC fields 1-303 (mostly southof declination -42 deg). In addition to ringed galaxies, a list of 859mostly nonringed galaxies intended for comparison with other catalogs isprovided. Other findings from the CSRG that are not based on statisticsare the identification of intrinsic bar/ring misalignment; bars whichunderfill inner rings; dimpling of R'1pseudorings; pointy, rectangular, or hexagonal inner or outer ringshapes; a peculiar polar-ring-related system; and other extreme examplesof spiral structure and ring morphology.
|General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups|
We present a whole sky catalog of nearby groups of galaxies taken fromthe Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic Database. From the 78,000 objects in thedatabase, we extracted a sample of 6392 galaxies, complete up to thelimiting apparent magnitude B0 = 14.0. Moreover, in order to considersolely the galaxies of the local universe, all the selected galaxieshave a known recession velocity smaller than 5500 km/s. Two methods wereused in group construction: a Huchra-Geller (1982) derived percolationmethod and a Tully (1980) derived hierarchical method. Each method gaveus one catalog. These were then compared and synthesized to obtain asingle catalog containing the most reliable groups. There are 485 groupsof a least three members in the final catalog.
|Groups of galaxies within 80 Mpc. II - The catalogue of groups and group members|
This paper gives a catalog of the groups and associations obtained bymeans of a revised hierarchical algorithm applied to a sample of 4143galaxies with diameters larger than 100 arcsec and redshifts smallerthan 6000 km/s. The 264 groups of galaxies obtained in this way (andwhich contain at least three sample galaxies) are listed, with the looseassociations surrounding them and the individual members of eachaggregate as well; moreover, the location of every entity among 13regions corresponding roughly to superclusters is specified. Finally,1729 galaxies belong to the groups, and 466 to the associations, i.e.,the total fraction of galaxies within the various aggregates amounts to53 percent.
|Southern Sky Redshift Survey - The catalog|
The catalog of radial velocities for galaxies which comprise thediameter-limited sample of the Southern Sky Redshift Survey ispresented. It consolidates the data of observations carried out at theLas Campanas Observatory, Observatorio Nacional, and South AfricanAstronomical Observatory. The criteria used for the sample selection aredescribed, as well as the observational procedures and the techniqueutilized to obtain the final radial velocities. The intercomparisonbetween radial velocity measurements from different telescopes indicatesthat the final data base is fairly homogeneous with a typical error ofabout 40 km/s. The sample is at present 90 percent complete, and themissing galaxies are predominantly objects with very low surfacebrightness for which it is very difficult to obtain optical redshifts.
|Southern Galaxy Catalogue.|
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