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|FLASH redshift survey - I. Observations and catalogue|
The FLAIR Shapley-Hydra (FLASH) redshift survey catalogue consists of4613 galaxies brighter than bJ= 16.7 (corrected for Galacticextinction) over a 700-deg2 region of sky in the generaldirection of the Local Group motion. The survey region is a70°× 10° strip spanning the sky from the ShapleySupercluster to the Hydra cluster, and contains 3141 galaxies withmeasured redshifts. Designed to explore the effect of the galaxyconcentrations in this direction (in particular the Supergalactic planeand the Shapley Supercluster) upon the Local Group motion, the 68 percent completeness allows us to sample the large-scale structure betterthan similar sparsely-sampled surveys. The survey region does notoverlap with the areas covered by ongoing wide-angle (Sloan or 2dF)complete redshift surveys. In this paper, the first in a series, wedescribe the observation and data reduction procedures, the analysis forthe redshift errors and survey completeness, and present the surveydata.
|Early-type galaxies in low-density environments|
We describe the construction and study of an objectively defined sampleof early-type galaxies in low-density environments. The sample galaxiesare selected from a recently completed redshift survey using uniform andreadily quantified isolation criteria, and are drawn from a sky area of~700 deg2, to a depth of 7000 km s-1 and anapparent magnitude limit of bJ<= 16.1. Their early-type(E/S0) morphologies are confirmed by subsequent CCD imaging. Five out ofthe nine sample galaxies show signs of morphological peculiarity such astidal debris or blue circumnuclear rings. We confirm that E/S0 galaxiesare rare in low-density regions, accounting for only ~8 per cent of thetotal galaxy population in such environments. We present spectroscopicobservations of nine galaxies in the sample, which are used, inconjunction with updated stellar population models, to investigate starformation histories. Our line-strength analysis is conducted at therelatively high spectral resolution of 4.1 Å. Environmentaleffects on early-type galaxy evolution are investigated by comparisonwith a sample of Fornax cluster E/S0s (identically analysed). Resultsfrom both samples are compared with predictions from semi-analyticgalaxy formation models. From the strength of [OII]λ3727 emissionwe infer only a low level of ongoing star formation (<0.15Msolar yr-1). Relative to the Fornax sample, alarger fraction of the galaxies exhibit [OIII]λ5007 nebularemission and, where present, these lines are slightly stronger thantypical for cluster E/S0s. The Mg-σ relation of E/S0s inlow-density regions is shown to be indistinguishable from that of theFornax sample. Luminosity-weighted stellar ages and metallicities aredetermined by considering various combinations of line-indices; inparticular the HγF versus Fe5015 diagram cleanlyresolves the age-metallicity degeneracy at the spectral resolution ofour analysis. At a given luminosity, the E/S0 galaxies in low-densityregions are younger than the E/S0s in clusters (by ~2-3 Gyr), and alsomore metal-rich (by ~0.2 dex). We infer that an anti-correlation of ageand metallicity effects is responsible for maintaining the zero-point ofthe Mg-σ relation. The youngest galaxies in our sample show clearmorphological signs of interaction. The lower mean age of our sample,relative to cluster samples, confirms, at least qualitatively, a robustprediction of hierarchical galaxy formation models. By contrast, theenhanced metallicity in the field is contrary to the predictions andhighlights shortcomings in the detailed treatment of star formationprocesses in current models. The [Mg/Fe] abundance ratio appears to spana similar, mostly super-solar, range both in low-density regions and inFornax cluster galaxies. This result is quite unexpected in simplehierarchical models.
|Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups|
In this paper we describe the Nearby Optical Galaxy (NOG) sample, whichis a complete, distance-limited (cz<=6000 km s-1) andmagnitude-limited (B<=14) sample of ~7000 optical galaxies. Thesample covers 2/3 (8.27 sr) of the sky (|b|>20deg) andappears to have a good completeness in redshift (97%). We select thesample on the basis of homogenized corrected total blue magnitudes inorder to minimize systematic effects in galaxy sampling. We identify thegroups in this sample by means of both the hierarchical and thepercolation ``friends-of-friends'' methods. The resulting catalogs ofloose groups appear to be similar and are among the largest catalogs ofgroups currently available. Most of the NOG galaxies (~60%) are found tobe members of galaxy pairs (~580 pairs for a total of ~15% of objects)or groups with at least three members (~500 groups for a total of ~45%of objects). About 40% of galaxies are left ungrouped (field galaxies).We illustrate the main features of the NOG galaxy distribution. Comparedto previous optical and IRAS galaxy samples, the NOG provides a densersampling of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe. Given itslarge sky coverage, the identification of groups, and its high-densitysampling, the NOG is suited to the analysis of the galaxy density fieldof the nearby universe, especially on small scales.
|The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies|
The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies (CSRG) is a comprehensivecompilation of diameters, axis ratios, relative bar position angles, andmorphologies of inner and outer rings, pseudorings, and lenses in 3692galaxies south of declination -17 deg. The purpose of the catalog is toevaluate the idea that these ring phenomena are related to orbitalresonances with a bar or oval in galaxy potentials. The catalog is basedon visual inspection of most of the 606 fields of the Science ResearchCouncil (SRC) IIIa-J southern sky survey, with the ESO-B, ESO-R, andPalomar Sky surveys used as auxiliaries when needed for overexposed coreregions. The catalog is most complete for SRC fields 1-303 (mostly southof declination -42 deg). In addition to ringed galaxies, a list of 859mostly nonringed galaxies intended for comparison with other catalogs isprovided. Other findings from the CSRG that are not based on statisticsare the identification of intrinsic bar/ring misalignment; bars whichunderfill inner rings; dimpling of R'1pseudorings; pointy, rectangular, or hexagonal inner or outer ringshapes; a peculiar polar-ring-related system; and other extreme examplesof spiral structure and ring morphology.
|IRAS sources beyond the solar circle. I - CO observations|
C-12O (J = 1-0) has been observed with the 15-m SEST and the 30-m IRAMtelescope in the direction of 1302 IRAS sources with colors of starforming regions located within 10 deg of the galactic plane in theinterval between 85 and 280 deg. Emission components with line profilesthat are non-Gaussian (showing, e.g., possible self-absorption or wings)are identified; this information may serve as a basis for selectingsources for future research. For all components, kinematic heliocentricand galactocentric distances, and distances from the galactic plane arederived. For those components which may be associated with the IRASsources, bolometric luminosities are derived. These data will beanalyzed and compared with HI data in subsequent papers.
|A wide angle redshift survey of the Hydra-Centaurus region|
Spectroscopic observations of 266 galaxies in the Hya-Cen region arereported. Redshift data obtained at 350-700 nm with dispersion 21 nm/mmusing the UNIT spectrograph and RPCS detector on the 1.9-m RadcliffeReflector telescope at SAO during March 1985, May 1986, and March 1987are presented in tables and graphs and briefly characterized. It isshown that the Hya supercluster is separated from the Cen superclusterby a large void at right ascension 11 h 40 min, declination -35 deg, andradial velocity 5200 km/sec; a bridge of galaxies at velocity about 3200km/sec connects the two superclusters.
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