Upload your image
DSS Images Other Images
Submit a new article
|Extending the Search for Counterrotating Gas and Stars in Galaxies: A Study of Late-Type Dwarfs|
In a previous study on gas-stellar counterrotation for a large sample ofE/S0 and spiral galaxies (Kannappan & Fabricant 2001), two dwarfirregular galaxies were included, of which one was tentativelyidentified as a counterrotator. Here we extend the search forcounterrotation to include 10 more irregular/spiral dwarf galaxies. Wefind that all systems with well defined gas and stellar rotation showkinematics consistent with co-rotation. However, we see evidence ofdecoupled gas and stellar kinematics in ≳ 50% of the sample,possibly reflecting minor interactions too small to create large-scalegas-stellar counterrotation.
|[O II] as a Star Formation Rate Indicator|
We investigate the [O II] emission line as a star formation rate (SFR)indicator using integrated spectra of 97 galaxies from the Nearby FieldGalaxies Survey (NFGS). The sample includes all Hubble types andcontains SFRs ranging from 0.01 to 100 Msolaryr-1. We compare the Kennicutt [O II] and Hα SFRcalibrations and show that there are two significant effects thatproduce disagreement between SFR([O II]) and SFR(Hα): reddeningand metallicity. Differences in the ionization state of the interstellarmedium do not contribute significantly to the observed differencebetween SFR([O II]) and SFR(Hα) for the NFGS galaxies withmetallicities log(O/H)+12>~8.5. The Kennicutt [O II]-SFR relationassumes a typical reddening for nearby galaxies; in practice, thereddening differs significantly from sample to sample. We derive a newSFR([O II]) calibration that does not contain a reddening assumption.Our new SFR([O II]) calibration also provides an optional correction formetallicity. Our SFRs derived from [O II] agree with those derived fromHα to within 0.03-0.05 dex. We show that the reddening, E(B-V),increases with intrinsic (i.e., reddening-corrected) [O II] luminosityfor the NFGS sample. We apply our SFR([O II]) calibration withmetallicity correction to two samples: high-redshift 0.8
|The Hα and Infrared Star Formation Rates for the Nearby Field Galaxy Survey|
We investigate the Hα and infrared star formation rate (SFR)diagnostics for galaxies in the Nearby Field Galaxy Survey (NFGS). Forthe 81 galaxies in our sample, we derive Hα fluxes (included here)from integrated spectra. There is a strong correlation between the ratioof far-infrared to optical luminosities L(FIR)/L(Hα) and theextinction E(B-V) measured with the Balmer decrement. Before reddeningcorrection, the SFR(IR) and SFR(Hα) are related to each other by apower law: SFR(IR)=(2.7+/-0.3)SFR(Hα)1.30+/-0.06.Correction of the SFR(Hα) for extinction using the Balmerdecrement and a classical reddening curve both reduces the scatter inthe SFR(IR)-SFR(Hα) correlation and results in a much closeragreement between the two SFR indicators;SFR(IR)=(0.91+/-0.04)SFR(Hαcorr)1.07+/-0.03.SFR(IR) and SFR(Hα) agree to ~10%. This SFR relationship spans 4orders of magnitude and holds for all Hubble types with IRAS detectionsin the NFGS. A constant ratio between the SFR(IR) and SFR(Hα) forall Hubble types, including early types (S0-Sab), suggests that the IRemission in all these objects results from a young stellar population.
|An H I Survey of Actively Star-forming Dwarf Galaxies|
We present the results of H I 21 cm observations of 139 activelystar-forming dwarf galaxies obtained with the 305 m radio telescope atArecibo Observatory. Our sample consists of all objects cataloged inobjective-prism surveys for UV-excess or emission-line galaxiespublished prior to the start of the survey that have luminosities belowMB=-17.0 and that are located within the declination limitsof the Arecibo telescope. Galaxies from the Markarian, Michigan, Case,Wasilewski, Haro, and Zwicky lists are included. The sample spans a widerange of both H I gas content and star formation levels. A total of 122objects (88%) were detected; 82 galaxies have been observed for thefirst time in H I. The median velocity width for our sample is 88 kms-1, and the median H I gas mass is 3.0×108Msolar. In general, the sample galaxies are gas-rich, with anaverage MHI/LB=1.3 after correcting for theluminosity enhancement due to the starburst. The progenitors of many ofthe star-forming dwarfs have higher MHI/LB thantypically seen in samples of nearby ``normal'' galaxies, emphasizingtheir distinct nature.
|Spectrophotometry of Nearby Field Galaxies: The Data|
We have obtained integrated and nuclear spectra as well as U, B, Rsurface photometry for a representative sample of 196 nearby galaxies.These galaxies span the entire Hubble sequence in morphological type, aswell as a wide range of luminosities (MB=-14 to -22). Here wepresent the spectrophotometry for these galaxies. The selection of thesample and the U, B, R surface photometry is described in a companionpaper. Our goals for the project include measuring the current starformation rates and metallicities of these galaxies, and elucidatingtheir star formation histories, as a function of luminosity andmorphology. We thereby extend the work of Kennicutt to lower luminositysystems. We anticipate that our study will be useful as a benchmark forstudies of galaxies at high redshift. We describe the observing, datareduction, and calibration techniques and demonstrate that ourspectrophotometry agrees well with that of Kennicutt. The spectra spanthe range 3550-7250 Å at a resolution (FWHM) of ~6 Å andhave an overall relative spectrophotometric accuracy of ~+/-6%. Wepresent a spectrophotometric atlas of integrated and nuclear rest-framespectra as well as tables of equivalent widths and synthetic colors. Theatlas and tables of measurements will be made available electronically.We study the correlations of galaxy properties determined from thespectra and images. Our findings include: (1) galaxies of a givenmorphological class display a wide range of continuum shapes andemission-line strengths if a broad range of luminosities are considered,(2) emission-line strengths tend to increase and continua tend to getbluer as the luminosity decreases, and (3) the scatter on the generalcorrelation between nuclear and integrated Hα emission-linestrengths is large.
|Surface Photometry of Nearby Field Galaxies: The Data|
We have obtained integrated spectra and multifilter photometry for arepresentative sample of ~200 nearby galaxies. These galaxies span theentire Hubble sequence in morphological type, as well as a wide range ofluminosities (MB=-14 to -22) and colors (B-R=0.4-1.8). Herewe describe the sample selection criteria and the U, B, R surfacephotometry for these galaxies. The spectrophotometric results will bepresented in a companion paper. Our goals for the project includemeasuring the current star formation rates and metallicity of thesegalaxies, and elucidating their star formation histories, as a functionof luminosity and morphology. We thereby extend the work of Kennicutt tolower luminosity systems. We anticipate that our study will be useful asa benchmark for studies of galaxies at high redshift. We discuss theobserving, data reduction, and calibration techniques and show that ourphotometry agrees well with previous work in those cases in whichearlier data are available. We present an atlas of images, radialsurface brightness profiles, and color profiles as well as tables ofderived parameters. The atlas and tables of measurements will be madeavailable electronically. We study the correlations of galaxy propertiesdetermined from the galaxy images. Our findings include the following:(1) colors determined within the effective radius correlate better withmorphological type than with MB and (2) 50% of thelow-luminosity galaxies are bluest in their centers.
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|Large-Scale Structures in the Zone of Avoidance: The Galactic Anticenter Region|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJ...449..527L&db_key=AST
|CO, HI and cold dust in a sample of IRAS galaxies.|
Using the IRAM 30m, SEST 15m, and Nancay radiotelescopes, we havegathered the 1mm continuum emission, the intensities of the J=1-0 lineof the CO molecule and of the atomic hydrogen line at 21cm for twosamples of IRAS galaxies. The southern sample was selected from the IRASCatalogue and is complete at the limiting flux of 2Jy at 60μm; of the10 northern objects 7 belong to the Smith et al. complete sample (1987)and 3 are isolated objects. Using these data, we have estimated theatomic hydrogen masses from the 21cm emission, the molecular gas massesfrom the CO(1-0)line brightness, and the dust and gas masses from the mmcontinuum emission using two "extreme" dust models. The main conclusionsof this work for far-infrared selected galaxies can be summarized in thefollowing points: (1) the median value of M_H_2__/M_HI_ is 0.5, meaningthat the atomic phase dominates in these galaxies. The fraction of gasin molecular form increases with increasing FIR luminosity but does notshow any obvious trend with other galaxy properties, in particular withthe FIR surface brightness. (2) the H_2_ surface density derived fromCO(1-0)emission is better correlated with the cold dust surface densitythan the HI surface density, but the correlation of HI with dust is notnegligible (we found a correlation coefficient of 0.5, while thecorrelation coefficient with σ_H_2__ is 0.70). Thus, globally inthese galaxies, the cold dust emission is likely associated with boththe molecular and atomic phases. Indeed, the dust surface density isalso correlated with the total gas surface density. (3) the FIR surfacebrightness increases as the third power of the S(60μm) /S(100μm)ratio. It shows a tight correlation with both the H_2_ and dust surfacedensities and a weaker one with the HI surface density. This suggeststhat a large part of the far-infrared emission of these galaxiesoriginates in the molecular medium. (4) the gas-to-dust ratio, (M_H_2__+M_HI_)/M_d_ ranges between 100 and 1000 and its average value is 230,close to the Galactic value. There is indeed a clear trend: this ratiodecreases as the FIR surface density increases. This result can beexplained in the framework of an enhancement of metallicity in galaxydiscs having a higher star formation rate.
|ROSAT observations of quiescent low mass disk galaxies: No evidence of baryonic blow out|
To test the hypothesis that galactic winds associated with starformation in low mass disk galaxies can be an effective means ofrelocating cold disk gas to a warm tenuous halo, we have obtained longexposure ROSAT Position Sensitive Proportional Counter (PSPC)observations of three such galaxies. The sensitivity of the PSPC to thepresence of an extended, approximately 0.15 KEV halo of 109solar mass of gas, is quite high for the exposure times we used. Wefailed to detect this halo in all three cases and the observed x-rayluminosity of the galaxy is two orders of magnitude less than thehypothetical case in which the mass of gas that has been expelled byprevious generations of star formation is equal to the stellar mass ofthe galaxy itself. This limit is much less than the actual mass of coldgas in these galaxies. Thus, we were unable to verify directly thepresence of significant galactic winds in these three galaxies eitherbecause they are not operative, because their halos are not sufficientlymassive to aid in the retention of this gas, or because the amount ofinjected gas is just a small percentage of the cold disk gas. If thelatter reason is emblematic of low mass galaxies then we would notexpect the detection of halos. We also report here the serendipitousdetection of Abell 1560, a distance class 7 cluster of unknown redshift.
|Submillimetre observations of galaxies. I - First results|
We present the first results from a program of millimeter andsubmillimeter observations of galaxies using the UKT14 photometer at theJCMT. Three of the five objects discussed here are detected at 450microns, and most at 800 microns as well. We perform fits to the dustspectrum for these objects, and find that dust temperatures of 28-35 Kwith a nu-squared emissivity law give the best results. We alsoinvestigate the beam corrections that would need to be made if the cooldust distribution were extended, and find that it is possible to hide asubstantial amount of cold dust from our observations if this is thecase. Future observations using bolometer arrays or large-beaminstruments will be necessary to determine whether such a large coldcomponent is actually present.
|The extended 12 micron galaxy sample|
We have selected an all-sky (absolute value of b greater than or equalto 25 deg) 12 micron flux-limited sample of 893 galaxies from the IRASFaint Source Catalog, Version 2 (FSC-2). We have obtained accurate totalfluxes in the IRAS wavebands by using the ADDSCAN procedure for allobjects with FSC-2 12 micron fluxes greater than 0.15 Jy and increasingflux densities from 12 to 60 microns, and defined the sample by imposinga survey limit of 0.22 Jy on the total 12 micron flux. Its completenessis verified, by means of the classical log N - log S andV/Vmax tests, down to 0.30 Jy, below which we have measuredthe incompleteness down to the survey limit, using the log N - log Splot, for our statistical analysis. We have obtained redshifts (mostlyfrom catalogs) for virtually all (98.4%) the galaxies in the sample.Using existing catalogs of active galaxies, we defined a subsample of118 objects consisting of 53 Seyfert 1s and quasars, 63 Seyfert 2s, andtwo blazars (approximately 13% of the full sample), which is the largestunbiased sample of Seyfert galaxies ever assembled. Since the 12 micronflux has been shown to be about one-fifth of the bolometric flux forSeyfert galaxies and quasars, the subsample of Seyferts (includingquasars and blazars) is complete not only to 0.30 Jy at 12 microns butalso with respect to a bolometric flux limit of approximately 2.0 x10-10 ergs/s/sq cm. The average value of V/Vmaxfor the full sample, corrected for incompleteness at low fluxes, is 0.51+/- 0.04, expected for a complete sample of uniformly distributedgalaxies, while the value for the Seyfert galaxy subsample is 0.46 +/-0.10. We have derived 12 microns and far-infrared luminosity functionsfor the AGNs, as well as for the entire sample. We extracted from oursample a complete subsample of 235 galaxies flux-limited (8.3 Jy) at 60microns. The 60 micron luminosity function computed for this subsampleis in satisfactory agreement with the ones derived from the brightgalaxy sample (BGS) and the deep high-galactic latitude sample, bothselected at 60 microns.
|The far-infrared properties of the CfA galaxy sample. I - The catalog|
IRAS flux densities are presented for all galaxies in the Center forAstrophysics magnitude-limited sample (mB not greater than 14.5)detected in the IRAS Faint Source Survey (FSS), a total of 1544galaxies. The detection rate in the FSS is slightly larger than in thePSC for the long-wavelength 60- and 100-micron bands, but improves by afactor of about 3 or more for the short wavelength 12- and 25-micronbands. This optically selected sample consists of galaxies which are, onaverage, much less IR-active than galaxies in IR-selected samples. Itpossesses accurate and complete redshift, morphological, and magnitudeinformation, along with observations at other wavelengths.
|1.2-mm continuum observations of IRAS galaxies : implications for gas mass and cold dust component.|
|The Wasilewski sample of emission-line galaxies - Follow-up CCD imaging and spectroscopic and IRAS observations|
The results of an extensive imaging and spectroscopic follow-up of theobjective prism-selected emission line galaxy (ELG) sample of Wasilewski(1982) are presented. Fluxes at 12, 25, 60, and 100 microns were alsoobtained from the coadded IRAS survey data. ELGs found by objectiveprism surveys are found to be generally small and underluminous galaxieswhich usually have higher than average optical surface brightness. TheSeyfert detection rate in objective prism surveys is roughly 10 percentand the ratio of the space densities of Seyfert 2 to Seyfert 1 galaxiesis significantly larger than unity. Most of the galaxies selected byobjective prism surveys are star-forming, late-type spirals which oftenshow disturbed morphology. About 25 percent of the galaxies detected bythe surveys are faint, high-excitation metal-poor compact H II regions.
|A model for far-IR emission of non-Seyfert Markarian galaxies|
The paper presents simple models for the FIR emission from extended H IIregions and from cooler dust heated by the general interstellarradiation field. The models account for a realistic grain-sizedistribution including PAH molecules. In addition, the model explainsthe observed correlation between the FIR to optical luminosity ratio andthe 60-10 micron colors.
|A study of a flux-limited sample of IRAS galaxies|
Redshift data and accurate four-color infrared photometry are presentedfor a complete IRAS sample of galaxies brighter than 2 Jy at 60 microns.A simple power law provides a good fit to the distribution forluminosities from 10 to the 10th to 10 to the 12th solar. There is noindication of an exponential dropoff in the luminosity function at highenergies. A flattening of the luminosity function occurs at L less than10 to the 20th solar. The highest luminosity galaxies typically arefound in multiple, possibly interacting, systems and exhibit marginallynarrower infrared spectral energy distributions than the isolatedspirals which predominate at low luminosities. Infrared-bright galaxiescome from a different population than the majority of optically brightgalaxies. In particular, galaxies of low blue luminosity are not stronginfrared emitters.
|A study of the large-scale structure in the distribution of galaxies in a region centered about the Cancer cluster. III - Further observational results|
Further observational results are presented from a study of thelarge-scale structure in the distribution of galaxies in anapproximately 4000 sq deg region nominally centered about the Cancercluster. The criteria used in defining the galaxy sample and theobservational methods used in its study are reviewed. The H I spectraand the associated measured parameters and derived properties for the134 sample galaxies are presented.
|An Arecibo survey for extragalactic hydroxyl absorption. I - Presentation of results|
Hydroxyl absorption has been detected in a total of 24 galaxies;megamaser emission in six additional galaxies brings the total number ofdetections of extragalactic OH to 30. About 50 percent of theextragalactic absorption lines are asymmetrically skewed toward the red,indicating that the molecular disks could have an unusual velocity orexcitation structure. The hyperfine ratio for the 1667 and 1665 MHztransitions in most galaxies lies within the limits specified by LTEconditions.
|A survey of galaxy redshifts. IV - The data|
The complete list of the best available radial velocities for the 2401galaxies in the merged Zwicky-Nilson catalog brighter than 14.5mz and with b (II) above +40 deg or below -30 deg ispresented. Almost 60 percent of the redshifts are from the CfA surveyand are accurate to typically 35 km/s.
|The space density and spectroscopic properties of a new sample of emission-line galaxies|
A 4-deg objective prism survey for low redshift emission line galaxiesconducted over an 825 sq deg region of the sky indicates that a newsample of emission line galaxies is available even in areas which havebeen well searched with the 'excess UV-continuum' technique. Thesegalaxies commonly occur in systems with peculiar morphology, indicatinggravitational interaction with a close companion or other disturbance.The space density of the new galaxies is found to be similar to thespace density of the Markarian galaxies. The present galaxies representabout 8 percent of all nearby galaxies in the -16.5 to -22.5 absolutemagnitude range, and are composed of a population which is completelyindependent of the Markarian sample.
|Radial velocities of galaxies detected in the Arecibo 2380 MHz survey|
The Loiano telescope's image tube spectrograph was used to obtain thepreviously unknown radial velocities of 50 galaxies detected during theArecibo 2380 MHz survey of bright galaxies, leading to the determinationof 224 radio-detected galaxy redshifts north of 15 deg. Both a 100km/sec typical standard error and minus 60 plus or minus 20 km/secsystematic zero error are derived for the velocities presented, on thebasis of comparisons with other redshift sources made on a furthersample of 35 galaxies.
Submit a new link
Member of following groups:
Observation and Astrometry data
Catalogs and designations: