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|A catalog of edge-on disk galaxies. From galaxies with a bulge to superthin galaxies|
Spiral galaxies range from bulge-dominated early-type galaxies to latetypes with little or no bulge. Cosmological models do not predict theformation of disk-dominated, essentially bulgeless galaxies, yet theseobjects exist. A particularly striking and poorly understood example ofbulgeless galaxies are flat or superthin galaxies with large axisratios. We therefore embarked on a study aimed at a better understandingof these enigmatic objects, starting by compiling a statisticallymeaningful sample with well-defined properties. The disk axis ratios canbe most easily measured when galaxies are seen edge-on. We used datafrom the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) in order to identify edge-ongalaxies with disks in a uniform, reproducible, automated fashion. Inthe five-color photometric database of the SDSS Data Release 1 (2099deg^2) we identified 3169 edge-on disk galaxies, which we subdividedinto disk galaxies with bulge, intermediate types, and simple diskgalaxies without any obvious bulge component. We subdivided these typesfurther into subclasses: Sa(f), Sb(f), Sc(f), Scd(f), Sd(f), Irr(f),where the (f) indicates that these galaxies are seen edge-on. Here wepresent our selection algorithm and the resulting catalogs of the 3169edge-on disk galaxies including the photometric, morphological, andstructural parameters of our targets. A number of incompleteness effectsaffect our catalog, but it contains almost a factor of four morebulgeless galaxies with prominent simple disks (flat galaxies) withinthe area covered here than previous optical catalogs, which were basedon the visual selection from photographic plates (cf. Karachentsev etal. 1999, Bull. Special Astrophys. Obs., 47, 5). We find thatapproximately 15% of the edge-on disk galaxies in our catalog are flatgalaxies, demonstrating that these galaxies are fairly common,especially among intermediate-mass star-forming galaxies. Bulgelessdisks account for roughly one third of our galaxies when also puffydisks and edge-on irregulars are included. Our catalog provides auniform database for a multitude of follow-up studies of bulgelessgalaxies in order to constrain their intrinsic and environmentalproperties and their evolutionary status.
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|The I-Band Tully-Fisher Relation for SC Galaxies: 21 Centimeter H I Line Data|
A compilation of 21 cm line spectral parameters specifically designedfor application of the Tully-Fisher (TF) distance method is presentedfor 1201 spiral galaxies, primarily field Sc galaxies, for which opticalI-band photometric imaging is also available. New H I line spectra havebeen obtained for 881 galaxies. For an additional 320 galaxies, spectraavailable in a digital archive have been reexamined to allow applicationof a single algorithm for the derivation of the TF velocity widthparameter. A velocity width algorithm is used that provides a robustmeasurement of rotational velocity and permits an estimate of the erroron that width taking into account the effects of instrumental broadeningand signal-to-noise. The digital data are used to establish regressionrelations between measurements of velocity widths using other commonprescriptions so that comparable widths can be derived throughconversion of values published in the literature. The uniform H I linewidths presented here provide the rotational velocity measurement to beused in deriving peculiar velocities via the TF method.
|The I-Band Tully-Fisher Relation for SC Galaxies: Optical Imaging Data|
Properties derived from the analysis of photometric I-band imagingobservations are presented for 1727 inclined spiral galaxies, mostly oftypes Sbc and Sc. The reduction, parameter extraction, and errorestimation procedures are discussed in detail. The asymptotic behaviorof the magnitude curve of growth and the radial variation in ellipticityand position angle are used in combination with the linearity of thesurface brightness falloff to fit the disk portion of the profile. TotalI-band magnitudes are calculated by extrapolating the detected surfacebrightness profile to a radius of eight disk scale lengths. Errors inthe magnitudes, typically ~0.04 mag, are dominated by uncertainties inthe sky subtraction and disk-fitting procedures. Comparison is made withthe similar imaging database of Mathewson, Ford, & Buchhorn, both aspresented originally by those authors and after reanalyzing theirdigital reduction files using identical disk-fitting procedures. Directcomparison is made of profile details for 292 galaxies observed incommon. Although some differences occur, good agreement is found,proving that the two data sets can be used in combination with onlyminor accommodation of those differences. The compilation of opticalproperties presented here is optimized for use in applications of theTully-Fisher relation as a secondary distance indicator in studies ofthe local peculiar velocity field.
|Neutral hydrogen observations of galaxies in superclusters|
Neutral hydrogen observations of spiral galaxies in the Uppsala GeneralCatalog were made with the 91 m telescope in Green Bank. Results of theH I observations are presented for 309 objects north of declination +38deg in the right ascension range between 10 h and 22 h and for a sampleof 46 objects just south of the equator in the region around R.A.between 0 h and 3 h. Many of these objects are outlying members ofsuperclusters and may be useful in the study of deviations from Hubbleflow on supercluster scales. Velocity widths as measured by fivedifferent algorithms are presented along with a profile quality index.
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